||As long as Jemayah Islamiyah continues to have a network of support and shelter, it will difficult to prevent further attacks, according to the International Crisis Group's Sidney Jones.
||Voice of America|
||Because of its legal status, Al Qaeda affiliate Jemayah Islamiyah is able to distribute propaganda, recruit and raise funds throughout Indonesia ,and the police do not have the power to target and dismantle the JI infrastructure.
||Voice of America|
||According, to Missouri Senator Kit Bond, the U.S. is neglecting Southeast Asia, and Indonesia in particular, in the war on terrorism. Increasing U.S. educational assistance and exchanges, promoting moderate Islamic groups, expanding economic investment, working to eliminate funding sources for terrorism and strengthening military ties are among actions the United States should take, Bond said.
||St. Louis Post-Dispatch|
||An Indonesian court sentenced Muslim militant Sunarto bin Kartodiharjo, known by the alias Adung, to seven years in jail for his role in hiding fugitive Malaysian extremist Noordin Mohammed Top wanted for the Bali bombings and for a deadly attack on a Jakarta hotel.
||Former president Bill Clinton will spend at least two years in his new role as the top U.N. envoy promoting recovery in tsunami-hit countries and demanding accountability for the unprecedented billions of dollars donated by countries and individuals.
||There is a vigorous debate in Indonesia today about the role of Islam in both national and personal life of Indonesians, and I think the United States should support that in every possible, said Alphonse La Porta, head of the U.S.-Indonesia Society.
||There is no broad-based support for militant Islam in Indonesia, The Asia Foundation's representative in Indonesia, Dr. Douglas Ramage, told a House subcommittee.
||House IR Committee|
||Citing Terror Free Tomorrow's poll of Indonesians, President Bush said that the U.S. response to the deadly tsunami has led to a dramatic change in the perception of Americans in many Muslim nations and suggested that this new image could help in the fight against terrorism.
||At a White House press conference televised on CNN, MSNBC and FoxNews, former President Bush discussed Terror Free Tomorrow's "great poll" showing a dramatic drop in anti-American extremism in Indonesia, and former President Clinton urged people to get the poll.
A Terror Free Tomorrow poll of Indonesians shows the first substantial shift of public opinion in the Muslim world since the beginning of the global war on terrorism. More people in the world’s largest Muslim country now favor American efforts against terrorism than oppose them.
In a stunning turnaround of public opinion, support for Osama Bin Laden and terrorism in the world’s most populous Muslim nation has dropped significantly, while favorable views of the United States have increased. The poll demonstrates that the reason for this positive change is the American response to the tsunami.
|Terror Free Tomorrow|
||An Indonesian court acquitted the radical Islamic cleric Abu Bakar Bashir of the most serious terrorism charges in connection with the bombings in Bali and of the Marriott Hotel in Jakarta, and convicted him of only one count of criminal conspiracy.
||New York Times|
||Moderate Islam is under assault in Indonesia, with the growing influence of more radical Islamic political groups benefiting from a religious revival and frustration with the entrenched, secular elite.
||Wall Street Journal|
||Islamic political groups are on the rise in Indonesia and increasingly influential with the new president.
||Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said she is moving to reinstate U.S. military training assistance for Indonesia.
The Bush administration will seek $950 million in federal aid for the areas affected by the Asian tsunami, nearly tripling a previous commitment of $350 million. The new supplemental budget request appears to have bipartisan support in Congress. The commitment, which U.S. officials said was the most generous humanitarian pledge in U.S. history, would put the United States at the top of the list of donors to the disaster. Australia has pledged $810 million, followed by $660 million from Germany, $624 million from the European Union and $540 million from Japan.
Deputy Defense Secretary Paul D. Wolfowitz said the relief effort was linked to the administration's long-term goal of promoting democracy in the Muslim world. "This challenge comes to a country that stands to be in the forefront of that movement," he said. "Above and beyond the humanitarian considerations, which would be compelling enough, we have an enormous interest in seeing this succeed."
||According to author Tracy Dahlby, the United States can use tsunami relief efforts as a springboard to launch broader, longer-term programs for economic development and particularly education for Indonesia as a whole. If we do, we help the moderates strengthen an embracing, democracy-friendly form of Islam. If we don't, Muslim conservatives, to say nothing of extremists will exploit any vacuum.
||Since Indonesia is the world's largest Muslim country, the way in which it responds to the threats of tsunami and terrorism will help to determine whether the cultural clash between secularism and Islamic extremism is an isolated moment in history or destined to become an enduring global phenomenon.
||In Tracy Dahlby's new book, Indonesia's most militant anti-Western activists see the emergence of Islamic radicalism as a justified response to globalization. The radical Muslim voice, they say, is a plea for cultural unity and political morality, a stand against the bland, exploitive MacWorld of Western influences. And if they occasionally turn to terrorism, they claim that it is only because they are provoked by America's violence—namely the military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Dahlby finds that Indonesia's Muslim extremists have won a certain amount of sympathy from their compatriots, many of whom increasingly see U.S. foreign policy as aggressively anti-Muslim. Popular support for the United States has plummeted in Indonesia in the past four years, and moderate Muslims are angry that America's harsh policies seem to verify the extremists' position. Inadvertently, Dahlby's informants tell him, American actions are giving support to the radicals.
||A powerful Saudi charity under scrutiny for alleged terrorist financing is expanding operations in tsunami-ravaged areas of Indonesia, importing a hard-line religious message that the West fears could spread extremist Islam in the world's most populous Muslim nation.
Helicopters from the U.S. Abraham Lincoln were the backbone of supply lines that reached remote villages and helped stave off a second wave of deaths from starvation and disease after as many as 300,000 people died or disappeared in the tsunami around the Indian Ocean region. The U.S military is employing more than 9,700 personnel and 13 ships on relief efforts across the Indian Ocean this week, while its pilots had delivered 23 million pounds of supplies since the tsunami, a U.S. Pacific Command Web site said.
||The throngs of destitute survivors needing food aid in tsunami-devastated Aceh province are expected to soar to nearly 800,000.
||Australia's Prime Minister called on the world to thwart global terrorism by investing in Indonesia and supporting the country's progress toward democracy and a stable economy.
||More than a month after the devastating tsunami, one in eight children in Indonesia's Aceh province is not getting enough to eat, the threat of disease still stalks relief camps and aid deliveries are inconsistent, two U.N. reports said.
||Many Acehnese want foreign forces to stay to help with reconstruction.
||A poll released by research firm Ipsos Public Affairs on Tuesday found that 57 percent of those surveyed want to increase aid to Indonesia. The poll was conducted by Ipsos for the organization Terror Free Tomorrow. By a nearly 10-to-1 margin (88 percent to 9 percent), Americans also want to provide at least as much aid to Indonesia as Japan and Germany, two large donors and the second- and third-largest developed economies. The Ipsos poll also found that by comparison, only 13 percent of Americans want foreign aid increased more generally.
||President Bush is expected to ask Congress next month for roughly $1 billion for continued U.S. aid for victims of the calamitous Indian Ocean tsunami. "We certainly will outstrip, in terms of real money contributions, the other countries of the entire world," said Rep. Jerry Lewis, new chairman of the House Appropriations Committee.
||To ensure that the response to the tsunami contributes to both short-term relief and long-term peace and security for the people of Aceh, the Bush administration must support Indonesian efforts at strengthening the country's civilian democratic governance and military reform.
||President Bush said that U.S. efforts to provide aid in tsunami-ravaged Indonesia will yield a PR benefit. Muslims there will "see that the United States of America is there to help, that our soldiers are not there to fight but to provide comfort and help as best as possible."
||A rebel, dressed in military fatigues and carrying a cellphone and an old Kalashnikov, had a message for the scores of foreigners who have come here to help after the tsunami: You are welcome, and we will not hurt you. He said the group was thankful for the help to Aceh from foreigners, including Americans, whose military helicopters full of aid supplies buzz nonstop to the areas most affected. "I am very grateful and thank the Americans and the rest of the world that when they saw this disaster they worked directly to help," he said.
||New York Times|
||Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz said helping Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim nation, recover from the tsunami disaster was important as the United States battled the world's Islamic extremists.
||If the U.S. response to tsunami victims is slow, haphazard, or short-lived, insurgents or other radical leaders will build on existing resentment based on the view that we care little about the rest of the world, especially the Islamic world.
||One critic speculated that the tsunami may make Muslims more radical and that U.S. aid may result in increased hostility.
||The spiritual head of Jemaah Islamiyah says he is losing the battle for the hearts and minds of Aceh's tsunami survivors because of the humanitarian assistance from Australian and U.S. military forces.
||"It would be truly mad for the U.S. to have to do the tough things like war unilaterally, where it gets all the blame, but the generous things like aid multilaterally, so that it gets none of the credit," said Greg Sheridan.
||Wall Street Journal|
||President Bush promised to continue U.S. aid to tsunami-ravaged South Asia well after the initial attention fades, saying a "long-term commitment" is required to allow the millions of victims to rebuild their lives.
||Hundreds of Indonesian Islamic militants have come to Aceh in the name of helping their fellow Muslims, to offer a dose of Islamic teachings to the already devout Acehnese, and to recruit members.
||New York Times|
||Radical Islamic groups, some accused of links to terrorism, have moved supporters from all over Indonesia to Aceh to "make their presence felt" in the disaster zone.
||The tide of anti-Americanism in Indonesia, which has flowed strongly since the Iraq war, has already shown some signs of ebbing, according to The Washington Post.
||America's relief effort is generating good feelings in Indonesia, but whether it will overcome the resentment built up over the last several years is unknown, according to one of Indonesia's leading intellectuals.
||New York Times|
||An extremist Islamic group is providing humanitarian aid in Indonesia and looking for opportunities to stir up anti-American sentiment.
||Indonesians are thanking the United States for helping them recover from the tsunami.
||U.S. aid to disaster victims in Indonesia is making a positive impression, causing some Muslims to reevaluate their attitudes to the United States.
||Secretary of State Colin Powell stated that the outpouring of American aid and humanitarian help in the region devastated by the tsunamis may also help Muslim nations see the U.S. in a better light.
||Various experts debated whether humanitarian assistance to Southeast Asia will improve the U.S. image, pointing to other sources of discontent that will remain.
||According to a former U.S. ambassador to Indonesia, the devastating tsunami represents a huge opportunity for the U.S. to change its image in the Southeast Asia, particularly in Indonesia where U.S. popularity is at an all-time low.
||New York Times|
||The U.S. has not only an urgent interest in supporting Indonesia's democratic government in its moment of crisis but also an opportunity to earn desperately needed goodwill by responding aggressively and generously, according to The Washington Post.
||The tsunami that struck Southeast Asia was God's punishment to countries that are cooperating with the U.S. in the war on terrorism, according to one website.
||A jailed Indonesian terrorist recently gave tips on how commit credit fraud, a practice increasingly used by Al Qaeda operatives to fund their activities.
||Indonesia's violent extremists are being embraced by the political mainstream, and public support is waning for a crackdown on jihadi Islamists.
||Indonesian President Bambang Yudhoyono told an international interfaith conference that terrorism "must be regarded as the enemy of all religions."
||In a recent survey, "about half" of Indonesians did not oppose terrorist bombing campaigns against westerners in the country. The U.S. Embassy funded the poll but has refused to release the results showing negative attitudes about the U.S.
||Australian Broadcast Corporation|
||Many Indonesians complain their government has unfairly imprisoned some Muslims to appease President Bush, said Tufts Professor Yudian Wahyudi, adding that the Indonesian government had not fully investigated the Bali bombing.
||"The development of strong, prosperous and democratic states in the Islamic world is now a vital U.S. interest," said Lee Hamilton and George Shultz, co-chairs of the National Commission on U.S.-Indonesian Relations. "Support for strengthening democracy in Indonesia, the country with the world's largest Muslim population, should also be a core U.S. objective. Popular dissatisfaction with government and poor economic conditions can leave the door open for terrorist groups adept at exploiting local grievances and hardships. In a nation of more than 17,000 islands, the danger is that a jihadist group could gain the kind of territorial foothood that enables terrorist indoctrination, training and planning."